Lazzaro Spallanzani was an Italian biologist and academic responsible for several important discoveries. He is mainly known for his studies on spontaneous generation, a theory that he was able to refute thanks to precise experiments. He also dedicated himself to studies of the reproductive system that allowed him to define the function of eggs and sperm. He conducted further studies on the digestive and respiratory systems. The Lazzaro Spallanzani hospital for infectious diseases in Rome was dedicated to him in 1936.