10/2015 - Three-dimensional mass density mapping of cellular ultrastructure by ptychographic X-ray nanotomography

We demonstrate absolute quantitative mass density mapping in three dimensions of frozen-hydrated biological matter with an isotropic resolution of 180 nm. As model for a biological system we use Chlamydomonas cells in buffer solution confined in a microcapillary. We use ptychographic X-ray computed tomography to image the entire specimen, including the 18 μm-diameter capillary, thereby […]

Read more

05/2015 - Artifact characterization and reduction in scanning X-ray Zernike phase contrast microscopy

Zernike phase contrast microscopy is a well-established method for imaging specimens with low absorption contrast. It has been successfully implemented in full-field microscopy using visible light and X-rays. In microscopy Cowley’s reciprocity principle connects scanning and full-field imaging. Even though the reciprocity in Zernike phase contrast has been discussed by several authors over the past […]

Read more

03/2013 - Electron tomography of IFT particles

Cilia and flagella play very important roles in eukaryotic cells, ranging from cell motility to chemo- and mechanosensation with active involvement in embryonic development and control of cell division. Cilia and flagella are highly dynamic organelles undergoing constant turnover at their tip, where multiprotein precursors synthesized in the cell cytoplasm are assembled, turnover products are […]

Read more

05/2012 - Comparative structural analysis of eukaryotic flagella and cilia from Chlamydomonas, Tetrahymena, and sea urchins

Although eukaryotic flagella and cilia all share the basic 9 + 2 microtubule-organization of their internal axonemes, and are capable of generating bending-motion, the waveforms, amplitudes, and velocities of the bending-motions are quite diverse. To explore the structural basis of this functional diversity of flagella and cilia, we here compare the axonemal structure of three different organisms with […]

Read more

03/2012 - Axonemal radial spokes: 3D structure, function and assembly

The radial spoke (RS) is a complex of at least 23 proteins that works as a mechanochemical transducer between the central‐pair apparatus and the peripheral microtubule doublets in eukaryotic flagella and motile cilia. The RS contributes to the regulation of the activity of dynein motors, and thus to flagellar motility. Despite numerous biochemical, physiological and […]

Read more